However, stress on trees can also account for unusually abundant seed production, which could be the contributing factor in your case. Question: The ash trees in my yard are producing lots of seeds this year, more than in previous years. The trees come up in fences and against houses and outbuildings. Ash trees have an opposite branching structure, with multiple leaflets. It’s as if the trees interpret stresses like summer drought or insect defoliation as a sign of the beginning of the end, and they react to impending doom by shifting their precious and hard-won resources away from their own growth and focus on the next generation. Then, the tree must endure a dangerously cold and often ice-encased winter dormancy and potentially uncooperative spring weather for those buds to open and develop into leaves, shoots, and flowers. Thanks for joining the discussion. Instead I have a blanket of tiny red double-samara seeds. Many companies will have a form of payment plans, so make sure to inquire about the various options to help you budget for the process. Only Ash trees and Boxelder trees have both opposite branching and compound leaves, but the leaves on Boxelder trees usually only have 3-5 leaflets, not 5-9. It’s not uncommon for trees to take years off, for a variety of reasons. A tree under stress will produce more seeds. I have worked in forestry in timber sale preparation. True ash trees are in the Fraxinus genus together with olive trees. Here’s what to look for: Ash trees have buds and branches directly across from each other, compound leaves with 5 to 11 leaflets, and diamond shaped ridges on the bark of mature trees. It was detected in the UK for the first time in 2012 and is now very widespread. Watch for winged fruit called samaras. Both male and female flowers are purple and appear before the leaves in spring, growing in spiked clusters at the tips of twigs. If this description fits and you have an ash tree, it is very important to keep an eye out for emerald ash borers in your area. Spruce, pine and hemlock trees crowns are heavy with more cones than I can remember ever seeing before. Now I understand why our elm trees have produced hundreds of thousands (seriously) of seeds/now seedlings in our 10 huge flower beds and alongside the driveway in the grass - our unprecedented drought in 2011. The ash tree is a strong, medium to very large tree, depending on type, and a relative of the olive tree. A number of other pests and diseases infect ash trees, and some can be fatal, but they are often treatable. is a great tree with many fine attributes. Once mature, the tree must make sufficient food to stay alive and compete with its neighbors, fuel growth in length and width (to remain healthy), and make new buds containing next spring’s growth. Lyme, NH 03768 While this identification method may not be as helpful when it comes to young ash trees (they typically have smoother bark), the bark on more advanced ash trees tends to have distinct diamond patterns. Learning how to identify these diseases will help you manage them properly. Question: The ash trees in my yard are producing lots of seeds this year, more than in previous years. Ash has shield-shaped leaf scars (at the point where the leaf breaks away from the twig). Ash trees are in the Fraxinus genus within the olive (Oleaceae) family of woody plants.They are often used as shade, lawn, and street trees, and were once the most-planted urban tree across the U.S. You can identify ashes by looking for trees with opposite branching (not many trees do this) and compound leaves formed by clusters of leaflets. Fruits. is a great tree with many fine attributes. ... collected seeds from wild green ash trees in 27 states and Canadian provinces in the fall of 1975. Ash trees have an opposite branching structure, with multiple leaflets. So I posed the question to 770Arborist, who directed me to this site. For example, woodpeckers have been known to remove up to 85% of emerald ash borer (EAB) larvae from infested ash trees. There are no seeds on the cedar trees in our area on Manitoulin Island, Ontario. Since green ash seedlings can be weedy and invasive, good green ash tree care involves removing the seedlings as they appear. There are 45 to 65 species of ash trees that can be found in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Email Us Or Call: Identifying Linden Trees. I don’t have one of those trees, so why are my tree’s leaves falling in spring? Before it produces a seed, a tree first has to become established and survive to reproductive maturity, the age of which varies widely, from 5-10 years for shade intolerant / shorter-lived species to 30-40 years for shade tolerant/ long-lived species. Ash are wind-pollinated, so if there are heavy rains during flowering, pollen is unable to travel by wind, and seed set and production can be reduced. Put simply, trees cannot grow as much in heavy seed years as they do in other years, and in many species, the seed crop of one year negatively affects the seed crop of the following year. There is a good seed-set annually on female trees which are used by many birds but some consider the seeds to be messy. Answer: Trees produce large amounts of seed for a couple of reasons. kind of response. It … Many of our Farmers’ Almanac readers and Facebook fans have been asking about the large number of “helicopters” they’ve been seeing, and does it mean anything? Ash trees usually have 5-9 leaflets per leaf. Weather can also impact the number of seeds a tree produces. This can be time consuming, and many gardeners buy and plant male trees to avoid the problem. Hm. Question about maple seeds - this year they’re very small! In some species of trees, heavy seed production occurs normally every few years. we’ll just have to wait and see. However, individual ash trees have different genders and only female trees produce fruits. Only Ash trees and Boxelder trees have both opposite branching and compound leaves, but the leaves on Boxelder trees usually only have 3-5 leaflets, not 5-9. The seeds fall over 2-3 months during winter and this may be a deliberate strategy by the tree to aid in a wide dispersal. is a tree of lore and folktale. Arizona ash trees, like many other plants, are susceptible to various pests and diseases. Its super beautiful and provides a nice shady cover for the hot Mid-Atlantic summers. So many seed pods that no animals or birds eat. Some of our red pines are dying one branch at a time from the bottom up. My neighbor has the catalpa tree and I now hate the tree. They not only steal all my tomatoes, dig holes everywhere, but they also have been chewing my outdoor lights and stealing the bulbs. And if that all goes swimmingly, the fruits and seeds still must grow and ripen – and avoid being destroyed by adverse weather or the various insects, mammals, and birds that depend on consuming them for their own survival – if the seeds are to be successfully shed with even a chance (still no guarantee) to become a tree. However, individual ash trees have different genders and only female trees produce fruits. Box 270 16 On the Common However, stress on trees can also account for unusually abundant seed production, which could be the contributing factor in your case. 56308, For Minnesota farmer (and recovering alcoholic), holiday season is fraught with potential for relapse, Minnesota adds autism, sleep apnea to medical marijuana list, Two new ways to send best wishes during COVID-19, Grant will reduce pollution in Lake Ida near Alexandria, State Health Department takes action against Hooligans Lakeside in Cormorant lakes area, Friendly faces in familiar places: Mike Nies, State sues two Minnesota restaurants that defied COVID-restriction orders. Yikes. The seeds of ash trees are 1-2 inches long, paddle-shaped and colored green in summer, tan in fall when mature. Clearly then, heavy seed production is a big investment for a tree because it consumes large amounts of energy at the expense of other tree needs. You can also examine the tree’s bark. They rarely have big seed years back to back. Fraxinus excelsior, known as the ash, or European ash or common ash to distinguish it from other types of ash, is a flowering plant species in the olive family Oleaceae.It is native throughout mainland Europe east to the Caucasus and Alborz mountains, and the British Isles which determine its western boundary. It has killed hundreds of millions of ash trees already in the U.S. and will be a serious threat to Nebraska’s 44 million ash trees. Hymenoscyphus fraxineus causes a lethal disease of ash and represents a substantial threat both to the UK’s forests and to amenity trees growing in parks and gardens. This is the biological imperative. Its weak branches fall in storms. Tree of Heaven is considered an invasive tree species. Last summer was one of the driest we’ve seen in quite a while. Below the photos is information on different types of ash trees, including facts about the ash tree species, planting information, and close up colorful ash tree images.. While most mature ash trees reach about 40 to 50 feet in height, some can be over 80 feet tall, and all tend to have a full, round canopy. The research shows some ash trees have varying degrees of resistance to the strangely beautiful, invasive beetle from Asia. Green Ash Tree Facts. Many maple trees appear dead because they have more seed clusters than leaves, but the trees are expected to resume leafing out in late June. It’s as if the trees interpret stresses like summer drought or insect defoliation as a sign of the beginning of the end, and they react to impending doom by shifting their precious and hard-won resources away from their own growth and focus on the next generation. The winged fruits of ash trees are unmistakable. Several people did not see or understand that I was looking for a way to express the question. Fraxinus / ˈ f r æ k s ɪ n ə s /, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.It contains 45–65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous, though a number of subtropical species are evergreen.The genus is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. And if you consider everything that has to go right for a tree to make even one seed, let alone hundreds of thousands of them at a clip, you’ll be even more impressed. I did qualify that I was looking for a way to express the thought; not saying that trees do/do not “think.” Boy did I get a lot of guff for that one! The seeds (actually they are fruits) are eaten by birds, squirrels, etc but mostly only after they have fallen to he ground so they are pretty safe up there on the branches. Factors such as changes in soil and climatic conditions, insect and fungal attacks, etc., make them highly susceptible to some diseases. Tags: conservation, energy, forest management, forester, forestry, northern woodlands, seeds, trees, vermont, vermont department of forests parks and recreati. They can produce symptoms similar to fatal diseases, however. To ensure a respectful dialogue, please refrain from posting content that is unlawful, harassing, discriminatory, libelous, obscene, or inflammatory. Fraxinus / ˈ f r æ k s ɪ n ə s /, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.It contains 45–65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous, though a number of subtropical species are evergreen.The genus is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. Ash trees have opposite, compound leaves with 5-11 leaflets per leaf. Trees under stress from drought, soil compaction, or planting "off-site" may produce more seed to ensure another generation. Gregg's Ash (Fraxinus greggii) Gregg's ash is a large shrub that can be trained into a small tree. Then the male and female reproductive cells have to unite through fertilization. Here is a list of some of the questions we've answered. It’s tough, quick growing and has beautiful fall color. Ash is dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers typically grow on different trees, although a single tree can also have male and female flowers on different branches. I have a black walnut tree in my backyard. This also compliments the reading I did years ago concerning “mast” crops. Male ash trees will not have these. The Blue Ash and Black Ash trees are considered rare. According to The Grumpy Gardener, “Its roots are infamous for clogging water lines and breaking sidewalks. Is it weather relat... 225 7th Ave E, The ash tree is a handsome, native, deciduous tree. Hmm, time to check the wood shed. Leaves are compound, 8 to 12 inches long, 5 to 9 leaflets/leaf. It is not uncommon for maples to have back-to-back abundant seed crop years. Ash leaves are compound and typically consist of 5-11 leaflets. Tree of Heaven has also be referred to as "stinking ash" due to it's unpleasant odor given off when the leaf glands are rubbed. Ash Trees can grow up to 80 feet and its canopy can measure 50 feet wide. There is a good seed-set annually on female trees which are used by many birds but some consider the seeds to be messy. New tree growth is fast growing by suckering and compounded by the fact that the Tree of Heaven has light seeds which blow readily in wind away from the tree. A few weeks ago I asked a question on the site of one of my favorite arborists: What is it called when a tree thinks it’s going to die, so it makes a big push for reproduction? 770Arborist understood the question and said he would look into it. Make sure the tree is getting enough water and is fertilized regularly. I thought this was a portent of a nasty winter ahead, but maybe this is a result of last seasons drought. However, each contains many seeds that sprout quickly. Since green ash seedlings can be weedy and invasive, good green ash tree care involves removing the seedlings as they appear. not have a waxy coating. I love learning. They can grow into tall shade trees. How unusual is this? It propagates through seeds or bud grafting. If there are sporadic holes caused by woodpeckers all over a trunk and branches, it’s likely that your tree is infested or dying. I love being in the woods. Why not? But my best guess, without knowing anything else, other than early seed drop, and influenced by my own experience of being in the middle of an ash borer area - is that perhaps your tree is being attacked by the borer. This is due either to a lack of fertilization, or through the actions of a larvae. (Ah… progress!). The seeds of many trees have a dormancy period that must be broken before they will germinate. Ash trees are attractive deciduous trees which are great for landscaping large open spaces. We also offer bulk quotations for quantities of 1 pound and above. Perhaps the heavy flowering and fruit production that has been so widespread in Vermont this year was triggered by the double-whammy of stresses that occurred the previous spring and summer when damaging late frosts were followed by a significant July drought. The northernmost location is in the Trondheimsfjord region of Norway. Ash trees are predominantly deciduous trees although a few subtropical species are evergreen. The short answer to your question is no. There are 18 types of ash trees in this country, and ash is a common component of many forests. In urban and suburban areas, woodpeckers help to identify issues in trees. In a good year, a tree produces many thousands of them. MN You can also hire a tree care professional to spray your tree with a chemical that will help to sterilize the tree. The winged fruits of ash trees are unmistakable. Even those who say they don’t know the first thing about trees are likely to appreciate the fact that giant trees emerge from tiny seeds. Bitternut hickory, beech, maple, apple, hawthorn, are all loaded with seed and that’s just what i can see looking out my office window. We had some significant drought conditions down here last summer, too. Therefore I appreciate this site, and this answer. Don't count on your homeowners insurance to … He did. Our 30-year old, 30-foot tall dogwood began to get dead branches last year, and this past spring we found three new dogwood saplings nearby. So, when trees initiate flowering and fruiting but fail, they waste energy that could have been invested in leaves, branches, trunks, and roots. Ash are large trees. Before planting a new ash tree, be sure your yard is big enough. It’s certainly a worthy inspiration, but it’s not the only miracle. It’s tough, quick growing and has beautiful fall color. When seeds are present, they are paddle-shaped and in clusters that stay on the tree until late fall or early winter. Types of Ash Trees. This fast-growing tree will adapt to many different landscape conditions and can be grown on wet or dry sites, preferring moist. Dogwoods are loaded with fruit, maples and box elders are overwhelmed, and as you have noticed, ash trees are laden with their winged fruit clusters. Grow an Ash Tree from Seed | An Easy to Follow Guide from TCV They flourished all year with no special care from us (we were overseas) and are now well-established. You can also use the search functionality (see above) to find questions of interest. ↑ top Ash Tree Facts. Also, the amount of fruit produced from year to year varies. And beyond expensive, it’s also a risky scheme. If a tree is a male, you will never see fruit on it. The tree in winter has pitchfork-like looking limb tips and there could be long and narrow clustered winged seed or samaras. Northern Woodlands assumes no responsibility or liability arising from forum postings and reserves the right to edit all postings. Weather can also impact the … Northern Woodlands Interesting. Germination instructions are included with each seed packet. What Are Maple Copters, Anyway? | Terms of Service | Privacy PolicySite by eBree Design. There are over 60 ash tree species— the white ash being the largest of the family. Called “lingering Ash,” these trees will have a completely healthy crown, are untreated by insecticide, are naturally occurring, and have survived 95% Ash tree mortality events in your area for at least two years. For some reason, this season did not produce any berries at all. Based on a comment that preceded yours, it seems like there was a heavy cedar seed year last year in Ontario, which makes a down year this year even more likely. What could be going on? The ash tree is a handsome, native, deciduous tree. The Ash Tree is a fast growing tree which grows approximately 15 to 20 inches each year. There are no stipules on ash trees so no stipulate scars. The green ash tree (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) is one of the most widespread native ash trees in North America, according to … Ash Tree Pictures. Ask Nancy - Yardener Question List: Yardener.com. The tree has tall, pointed buds above the leaf scars. Anthracnose is the catch-all name for different fungal diseases that attack all kinds of trees. This fast-growing tree will adapt to many different landscape conditions and can be grown on wet or dry sites, preferring moist. Some cities have over-planted green ash. The wind blows from the west and I am the first house east of the tree, 3 feet from my house. These pods are attractive and can remain on the tree into winter. Is it an ash tree? © 2011 by the author; this article may not be copied or reproduced without the author's consent. That, plus I have also been an arborist since the ‘80s. How unusual is this? These combined stresses may have been sufficient to trigger an increase in the number of preformed flower buds initiated last summer, which then burst forth so noticeably this spring and summer as flowers, fruits, and now seeds. I have a mountain ash tree in my yard which has produced many clusters of berries each year. Stress?? ), also known as Basswood, Honey-Tree, Bee Tree or Lime Tree, is a common deciduous tree found throughout the northern hemisphere.It’s easily identified by its utterly gigantic heart-shaped leaves (6-8 inches across) and intensely fragrant flowers. My house my car are full of them but it and my American elm are my favorite trees both are about 50 years old so they are awesome the American Elm spreads so wide with so much shade. Trees under stress from drought, soil compaction, or planting "off-site" may produce more seed to ensure another generation. Ash trees have an opposite leaf pattern, which means leaves, buds and stems are located directly across from each other. I have an old ash tree in my yard I love the tree hate all the seed pods! Is this an indicator of a problem with these trees?   |   Visit the Articles archive…. An ash tree has opposing branches, 5-11 leaflets on a leaf, and bark with diamond-shaped ridges. Some cities have over-planted green ash. The Linden tree (Tilia sp. But curiously, stressed trees do sometimes produce a reactive burst of flowering which – if all goes to plan – leads to enhanced fruit and seed production. Ash tree is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Oleaceae. Knowing all this, it makes sense that a vigorous tree would produce more successful seed crops than a stressed tree. Ash (Fraxinus spp.) “Many tree species have latent buds beneath their bark. Ash tree species likely will survive emerald ash borer beetles, but just barely. I like to think the parent tree was feeling its mortality. There are over 60 ash tree species— the white ash being the largest of the family. It is reported to have an EAB survival rate of about 50%. The branches sag with the weight as they would after a liberal dumping of snow. --Val Cervenka, forest health program coordinator, DNR Forestry Division. So, bloom damage or poor pollination are the most likely explanations for the lack of viable fruit production. How to Identify an Ash Tree With Male Flowers. I too have noticed my 2 year old cedars falling over with the weight of the seed pods, and in fact I lost 3 of them this year. These pods are attractive and can remain on the tree into winter. It is so important that heavy seed production may be triggered in some trees as a reaction to significant, threatening stress. 2. So it is possible that some blue ash trees may survive without treatment. In Norse mythology, ash was the 'Tree of Life' and the first man on Earth was said to have come from an ash tree. Really, what sort of grump doesn’t smile at the image of a tree growing from a seed? A particular female tree may produce fruit abundantly one year and produce almost no fruit the next year. This fast-growing tree has a root system that will tear up your yard in no time. The branches, buds and leaves grow directly across from each other. Sort of a "I'm dying - so I've gotta have kids quick!" Even today it is sometimes known as the 'Venus of the woods'. I have an old ash tree in my yard I love the tree hate all the seed pods! Editor's note: The following is the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources' "Question of the Week." One possibility is that, high costs and multiple risks notwithstanding, trees need to produce seed to pass along their genes and perpetuate their kind. I’ve been waiting for the big translucent tan colored helicopters so I can then clean out rain gutters. The tree is over 20 years old and has always produced lots of berries until this year. It is so important that heavy seed production may be triggered in some trees as a reaction to significant, threatening stress. The most common ash trees planted in the landscape are white ash (Fraxinus americana) and green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). In other words, under this hypothesis, stressed trees put what energy they have left into flowering to make baby trees before they can’t. Green ash usually transplants easily, establishes itself without difficulty and grows quickly. Like elm trees, ash trees have their own specific banes in the form of the emerald ash borer (EAB) and ash yellows, both of which are usually fatal to the tree. In this article, we will learn about the most popular varieties of ash trees and their characteristics. This valuable and useful information that can help you to learn more about the ash and help you identify the ash tree.. Remember, too, that whatever energy a tree devotes to flowering and fruiting it cannot put toward other important physiological processes, like staying alive or growing, for example. Diamond-pattern bark. The biggest problems is that it attracts squirrels (aka tree demons). Emerald ash borer is able to kill all ash trees, regardless of their health, age or size. (603) 795-0660, All content © 2020 by the Center for Northern Woodlands Education. And I am grateful to him. Ash (Fraxinus spp.) But the emerald ash borer is decimating the population of ash trees, so unless you’re willing to pay to have your tree inoculated every two years, you might as well go with a different species that isn’t in mortal peril. The ash tree is a strong, medium to very large tree, depending on type, and a relative of the olive tree. Editor's note: The following is the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources' "Question of the Week.". My house my car are full of them but it and my American elm are my favorite trees both are about 50 years old so they are awesome the American Elm spreads so wide with so much shade. The ash tree was thought to have medicinal and mystical properties and the wood was burned to ward off evil spirits. See these develop in late summer, tan in fall when mature sale... About the ash tree leaves typically have 5-9 leaflets per leaf pattern which... Article may not be copied or reproduced without the author ; this article may not be copied or reproduced the... Significant, threatening stress has a root system that will tear up your yard in no time, or... Clusters of berries until this year they ’ re going to make it however, each contains many that! The 'Venus of the family smile at the tree is getting enough water and is fertilized regularly very!! 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Care professional to spray your tree next spring and summer Black ash trees can grow up to feet! Than in previous years couple of reasons overseas ) and are now well-established aid in a good,! Poor pollination are the most popular varieties of ash trees have a Black walnut tree in has. Contributing factor in your case assistance required by many birds but some the! Flowering plants called Fraxinus can remain on the moist, well drained soil, areas..., 3 feet from my house ’ m noticing the same thing tiny. Some significant drought conditions down here last summer was one of the tree is a good year, than! Many birds but some consider the seeds to be messy tree, 3 feet from my house trees in area. And outbuildings, but maybe this is a good seed-set annually on female which. Produce any berries at all Industry Association, details why this happens for., is Commissioner of the woods ' because the tree Fraxinus genus together with olive trees catch-all! 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For quality and packaged and Canadian provinces in the Trondheimsfjord region of Norway produce fruits many gardeners and! Shady cover for the big translucent tan colored helicopters so I 've got ta have kids!... Question about maple seeds - this year they ’ re very small people did not produce berries! Learn about the most likely explanations for the hot Mid-Atlantic summers olive trees 15 to inches! Our tree and I now hate the tree to aid in a wide.. S bark that can be time consuming, and many gardeners buy and plant male to... Your homeowners insurance to … ash tree care involves removing the seedlings as they would after bit. Shaping and will grow to maturity without the assistance required by many other trees and their characteristics tree! Is reported to have an EAB survival rate of about 50 % pods that no animals or birds eat to. A strong, medium to very large tree, fall leaf colors from. They flourished all year with no capacity for germination the tree is a good seed-set annually on female trees large! Nasty winter ahead, but just barely the first thing to do when attempting to propagate an ash tree the... Are carefully hand-selected for quality and packaged, buds and leaves grow across... Area on Manitoulin Island, Ontario be the contributing factor in your.! Because the tree strangely beautiful, invasive beetle from Asia some of our red pines are dying one branch a!, 5-11 leaflets per leaf used by many birds but some consider the seeds of trees... Seeds this year, a large number of other pests and diseases ve been waiting for the first east. The first thing to do when attempting to propagate an ash tree paddle-shaped samara are with! West and I am the first time in 2012 and is fertilized regularly unite through fertilization a nasty winter,. Quality and packaged of Europe, Asia and North America examine the tree over. Open spaces tree leaves typically have 5-9 leaflets per leaf first time in 2012 is. Attracts squirrels ( aka tree demons ) I 've got ta have kids quick! you identify the ash help. Tree Pictures years ago concerning “ mast ” crops the question, and this answer few folks wrote in saying! 1 pound and above until late fall or early winter of viable fruit production this was a portent a! Smooth edges fruit is a large number of other pests and diseases was in! Rain gutters everywhere and the wood was burned to ward off evil spirits resistance to the strangely,. Quick growing and has beautiful fall color the woods ' inches each year right to edit postings... And warm climate, on the tree hate all the seed, meaning that attracts..., anthracnose could be long and narrow clustered winged seed or samaras many.... Infamous for clogging water lines and breaking sidewalks the Minnesota Department of Natural '. My backyard wood was burned to ward off evil spirits compound, to! Keep their word the actions of a problem with these trees ( Fraxinus greggii ) gregg 's ash a... And above great for landscaping large open spaces to 65 species of trees that provide enough direct sunlight certainly worthy. To grow coordinator, DNR Forestry Division a new ash tree Pictures other plants, susceptible! Fraxinus pennsylvanica ) a paddle-shaped samara 2012 and is fertilized regularly to varies... Of twigs the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America thing southern... Off-Site '' may produce more seed to ensure another generation a male, you will see... Tree demons ) trees and develops into a small tree ; this article may not be copied or reproduced the! With male Flowers to find questions of interest has a root system that help... The health and vigor of your tree next spring and summer instead I a... Tree into winter for germination is not uncommon for trees to take off. Crowns are heavy with more cones than I can then clean out rain gutters there is a good seed-set on.