It is therefore from Alexander and his decade of beneficent con-quest (334-324 B. c.) that we date the beginning of that helleniza- Egypt, and particularly Alexandria, came to be the center of Hellenism. Hellenization occurred throughout the region, followed by later Orientalization. Meaning of hellenization. This formed an important period in Jewish history in which a conflict arose over how much Hellenization was acceptable among the Jewish people. Be the first to answer! Answer: Hellenism is the term used to describe the influence of Greek culture on the peoples the Greek and Roman Empires conquered or interacted with. Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. Answer to: Why was the Hellenistic age important? Hellenism introduced and spread the Greek language, art, culture, political ideas, and philosophy across the Mediterranean and Middle East. Hellenism definition, ancient Greek culture or ideals. The most important period of Hellenization by far was that which transpired under the reign of Alexander the Great. "Hellenistic" is a modern word and a 19th-century concept; the idea of a Hellenistic period did not exist in ancient Greece.Although words related in form or meaning, e.g. 0 0 1. Extending the reach of his rule to staggering extents after his father’s unification of the Greek city-states—to Egypt, India, Persia, and across the eastern Mediterranean—Alexander did not limit this rule to simple military conquest and tribute collection. Start studying Hellenization of the Jews; Culture during Jesus' time. Hellenism is the term generally used by historians to refer to the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 B.C.E.) The study of sacrifice in antiquity has recently been enriched by two important contributions in the form of the acta of conferences, one organized at Göteborg in 1997 and the other in Paris in 2001. The Greek language, once the tongue of a petty people, grew to be a universal language of culture, spoken even by “barbarian” lips. The people of Greece produced a culture that influenced the known world. Christianity and Hellenistic philosophies experienced complex interactions during the first to the fourth centuries. What does hellenization mean? Everyone adapted to Greek culture in some way, the only question was how far to allow a Greek world view to overwhelm a Jewish world view. N.S. In 146 BCE the Hellenistic region became a Protectorate of Rome; it was then that Romans began imitating Hellenic (Greek) clothing, religion, and ideas. Answer. The Hellenes, therefore, were not necessarily ethnic Greeks as we know them today. According to Ovid's Metamorphoses, Deucalion and Pyrrha were the only survivors of a flood similar to the one described in the story of Noah's Ark. Be the first to answer this question. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. The most important period of Hellenization by far was that which transpired under the reign of Alexander the Great. Upon the Jews' return from exile in Babylon, they endeavored to protect their national identity by following the law closely. The Hellenistic period was an important period for Western philosophy. At his death his generals succeed him—e.g. Hellen, the male, has two l's in his name; whereas Helen of Troy has only one. As Greek influence spread, Hellenization even reached the Balkans, the Middle East, Central Asia, and parts of modern India and Pakistan. and motives as they relate to Hellenization, and to notice his conduct and achievements in light of God's prophecies and providence. With time, there was a reduction in the influence of Greek gods. Stanley M Burstein, Walter Donlan, Jennifer Tolbert Roberts, Sarah B Pomeroy, "A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture", Oxford University Press, p. 255 Some of the major philosophies of the period were Pythagoreanism, Platonism, Cynicism, Stoicism, Sophism, and Pyrrhonism. Who doesn't love being #1? To repopulate the world, they throw stones which turn into people; the first stone they throw becomes their son, Hellen. As my fellows have asked, we’ll need more detail on what you’re asking. The Hellenization of Christianity was a complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity during the first four centuries of the Common Era. It was, indeed, a changed world in which men were now living. Thx4A2A, Anon. The most interesting, as well as the most important, feature of the Hellenistic age is the diffusion of Hellenic culture—the “Hellenizing” of the Orient. Information and translations of hellenization in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It was, indeed, a changed world in which men were now living. The end of the Hellenistic Era came in 31 BCE. the Ptolemies in Egypt and Seleucids in Syria/Israel, Antigonus in Macedonia. 9 years ago. And the art, the science, the literature, the principles of politics and philosophy, developed in isolation by the Greek mind, henceforth became the heritage of many nations. An important point to emphasize: one can have histories of antiquity, of Europe, of the US, without recourse to the imaginary identity of 'western civilization'. Hellenized Jews; Religious Beliefs; Afterlife; Philosophy; 1 Hellenized Jews. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Ancient Greek Flood Myth of Deucalion and Pyrrha, Prometheus: Fire Bringer and Philanthropist, A Timeline of the Major Eras of Ancient Jewish History, Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, Most Important Figures in Ancient History, 30 Maps of Ancient Greece Show How a Country Became an Empire, The Different Periods of Ancient Greek Art, The Ptolemies: Dynastic Egypt From Alexander to Cleopatra, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. Hellenistic civilization was preceded by the Classical Hellenic period, and followed by Roman rule over the areas Greece had … Favorite Answer. What was there about Hellenism that lured so many Jews to assimilate and at the same time, aroused in other Jews such staunch opposition? Also to know, why was the Hellenistic civilization important? Peter Paul Rubens/Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons. Ovid did not come up with the idea of using the name Hellen to describe the Greek people; according to Thucydides: After the death of Alexander, some city-states came under Greek influence and were thus "Hellenized." I’m going to stab at a related question, which is the legacy of Hellenistic culture. THE HELLENIZATION OF THE JEWS 523 zation, and began that work of breaking down the barrier between Greeks and barbarians, which, in a spiritual sense, was completed centuries late by the peaceful gospel of Jesus. This process of Hellenization happened wherever the Greeks went, although there was far less conflict outside of Judea. The use of this period is justified by the extent of the Hellenic culture in most of these areas, due to the Greek political presence especially in Asia after Alexander 's conquests, but also to a new wave of Greek colonization. The most interesting, as well as the most important, feature of the Hellenistic age is the diffusion of Hellenic culture—the “Hellenizing” of the Orient. Greek cities, founded by Alexander and his successors, stretched from the Nile to the Indus, dotted the shores of the Black Sea and Caspian, and arose amid the wilds of central Asia. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. These references describe only a relatively brief period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and the defeat of Egypt by Rome in 31 BCE. to the death of Cleopatra and the incorporation of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 B.C.E. Explore this article. Instead, they included groups we now know of as Assyrians, Egyptians, Jews, Arabs, and Armenians among others. It was then that Octavian, who later became Augustus Caesar, defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra and made Greece a part of the new Roman Empire. See more. The word Hellenism is … Hellenization Begins with Alexander the Great (334-323 BCE), king of the large territorial state of Macedonia, who takes over the old Persian empire and beyond, introduces Hellenistic (Greek) rule and values throughout his new lands, but keeps eastern ideas of kingship. The Influence of Hellenism The word Hellenistic comes from the Greek word meaning "imitating the Greeks." Alexander the Great created the largest empire of his time Alexander became a king after the death of his father, Philip of Macedon in 336BCE. There are more programs in the US today (classics and history) that don't use the term 'western civilization' than do and still teach the histories of these regions and people. 1 Answer. With Hellenization, there was also a spiritual revolution and change in religious viewpoints. More important, although Macedonian kings encouraged the Hellenization of the Macedonian nobility, Macedonian and Greek culture had little in common. When Alexander arrived in Egypt, he was greeted as a hero by the grateful Egyptian people. Egypt was the last important survivor of the political system which had developed as a consequence both of the victories of Alexander and of his premature death. The distinction between Greek and Barbarian gradually faded away, and the ancient world became ever more unified in sympathies and aspirations. The Hellenes, therefore, were not necessarily ethnic Greeks as we know them today. Answer Save. Relevance. But it is important to understand that this was not either / or issue for the Jews in the second century B.C. Hellenization, or Hellenism, refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E. Mads. Why was Hellenisation important? The Hellenistic Period is a part of the Ancient Period for the European and Near Asian space. Definition of hellenization in the Definitions.net dictionary. Hellenization or Hellenism is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion, and, to a lesser extent, language over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC. In 168 BCE, the Romans defeated Macedon; from that point forward, Roman influence grew. Philip II’s conquests during the Third Sacred War cemented his power, as well as the influence of Macedon, throughout the Hellenic world. Asked by Wiki User. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The name comes from Hellen who was not the woman famed from the Trojan War (Helen of Troy), but the son of Deucalion and Pyrrha. The result of Hellenization was that elements of Greek origin combined in various … This was replaced by a strong influence from Eastern religion which led to the development of the cult of Isis (Spielvogel, 2007). Why did the interaction of the Greeks and the Jews create such problems? Find out how UKEssays.com can help you! Hellenization refers to Alexander the Great's practice of bringing Greeks with him on his conquest and installing them as administrators in his growing empire. The Rise of the Macedon. The dominant philosophical traditions of the Greco-Roman world then were Stoicism, Platonism, Epicureanism, and, to a lesser extent, the skeptic traditions of … In the period after Alexander the long struggle between East and West reached a peaceful conclusion. As Christianity spread throughout the Hellenic world, an increasing number of church leaders were educated in Greek philosophy. Hellenistic civilization (Greek civilization beyond classical Greeks) represents the zenith of Greek influence in the ancient world from 323 BC to about 146 BC . By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Extending the reach of his rule to staggering extents after his father’s unification of the Greek city-states—to Egypt, India, Persia, and across the eastern Mediterranean—Alexander did not limit this rule to simple military conquest and tribute collection. The … If you read any ancient Greek history, you'll see references to the "Hellenic" people and the "Hellenistic" period. Ironically, Greek culture and Judaism are the roots of modern Western civilization. Lv 6. As the Roman Republic became stronger, it began to flex its military might. Register to get answer. The end of the Hellenistic World came when the Romans took over Egypt, in 30 B.C., with the death of Cleopatra. During the time of Greek control, the Jewish people were influenced by an influx of Greek language, art and ways of thinking. The scope and aims of these two events were highly different. Instead, they included groups we now know of as Assyrians, Egyptians, Jews, Arabs, and Armenians among others. From The Making of Europe / Early European History, Pascal, The philosophers, and the most foolish, T. Cowen, Capitalism is the most effective equalizer the world has ever known, Will Durant, The Golden Age: 30 B.C.-A.D. 18, The most important feature of the Hellenistic age, The Making of Europe / Early European History, Font viewers, to browse, test, install and uninstall your fonts, Icon of the Christ and New Testament Reader, Daily Reading Gadget - Feasts and Bible Readings, Old Standard and Didot Unicode Greek Polytonic Fonts, Icon of the Mother of God and New Testament Reader, Menologion Free Troparion and Kontakion Reader. Why's it still important? And the histories are still fascinating. 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